A history in 10 steps: The Philippines


  1. The first humans arrived in the Philippines at least 67,000 years ago.
  2. From the 1st millennium the Philippines flourished as result of trade with China, India, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
  3. The first recorded visit by Europeans is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan on March 17, 1521
  4. Spanish colonisation began on February 13, 1565 with much of the archipelago eventually coming under Spanish rule
  5. The Philippines was then named after King Philip of Spain.
  6. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. The Philippines then became a colony of the United States.
  7. During World War 2 Japan occupied the Philippines
  8. After the end of the war, the Treaty of Manila established an independent Philippine Republic.
  9. In 1986 the People Power Revolution installed Cory Aquino as president and re-established democracy.
  10. In the 21st Century, the Philippines is the 12th most populous country of the world, part of ASEAN, a key ally of the United States, with an economy dominated by fishing and agriculture.

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